At Casa Fernando Pessoa, the writer’s home for the last fifteen years of his life, you can see Fernando Pessoa’s documents and private library, his furniture and personal objects, as well as works by artists who were influenced by him, through poetry or literature.
Visitors to Casa Fernando Pessoa will discover all about Fernando Pessoa’s literary originality (recognisable through his creation of the main heteronyms Álvaro de Campos, Alberto Caeiro, Ricardo Reis and the semi-heteronym Bernardo Soares) and some details of the writer’s life and time, as well as the relationship that he maintained with other artists from his generation.
Exhibited here are some documents from the poet’s life, such as an identity card, visiting cards, the rental contract for this apartment, school certificates and various personal objects that also bear testimony to the period in which the writer lived. The most recent document to be incorporated into the Casa Fernando Pessoa collection was donated by his family in May 2016. This is the sheet of paper on which the writer recorded his last words “I know not what tomorrow will bring”, on 29 November 1935, the day before his death.
In a letter addressed to his friend, the literary critic Adolfo Casais Monteiro, Fernando Pessoa wrote that he had given a voice to his main heteronyms while writing on a chest of drawers. In that same letter, he mentions what he describes as his “triumphal day” (8 March, 1914, is the date that the writer indicated as the day on which the heteronyms were created).
"On a day when I had finally given up — it was the 8th of March, 1914 — I stood by a tall chest of drawers, and taking a piece of paper I began to write, standing up "
The bookcase that Fernando Pessoa used to keep his books in is another emblematic piece of furniture to be found at the house. It serves to remind us that the poet was also a reader. Casa Fernando Pessoa is also the place that houses most of the collection of books that belonged to the writer. Depending on their state of conservation, some of these copies are included in the museum’s permanent exhibition.
All of Fernando Pessoa’s Private Library has been digitised and has been placed online. The books that were kept in this bookcase are now available to everyone.
When Fernando Pessoa’s work began to be widely published and translated, his influence could be noted in the work of other artists, particularly those working in the field of the visual arts. Since its opening, Casa Fernando Pessoa has built up a collection of drawings, paintings and sculptures, many of which can be seen during your visit to the house.
From the first floor landing, you can see the portrait – “Fernando Pessoa reading Orpheu” – painted by the Portuguese modernist Almada Negreiros, in 1954, as a tribute to his friend.